Do You Know: How to Read and Use Candlestick Charts?


Triston Martin

Oct 11, 2022


Following price changes in real-time with the use of candlestick charts. Candlesticks are a quick and easy way to analyze the direction and magnitude of price movement over a specific period. Candlestick charts are chosen over bar and line charts because of their more aesthetically pleasing design. Each candle represents a certain amount of time or the end of a predetermined number of trades. You can adjust the time range covered or the number of works shown by your chart provider's settings. Time frames of one and five minutes for candlestick charts are frequently used in day trading. Almost any market can have its own set of candles, and candlestick charts can be found in just about any charting package.

Real Bodies

Each candlestick consists of a natural body and two wicks (also called shadows or tails). The core of the candle represents its actual body. This chart indicates how much of a swing there was between the day's opening and closing prices. The open price is the initial price at which a transaction takes place, and the close price is the final price at which a transaction takes place during that period. When there is no or very little natural body, the open and close prices are relatively near. In most cases, the bodies have consistent color, but they are occasionally see-through and painted just along their edges.

White/black and green/red are two of the most common color schemes for these, though the colors may vary according to the charting platform you use. As a rule of thumb, a rising price trend is indicated by a white or green candle, whereas a dwindling candle characterizes an increasing price trend. As the closing price is always higher than the opening price, the bottom of the natural body always represents the opening price, and the top always represents the closing price. A price drop is represented by a black or red candle, depending on the analyzed time window. That's why the natural body's top represents the market's opening price, and its bottom represents its closing price. ​

Wicks or Shadows

The wicks or shadows show price movement above and below the open and close (the thin lines above and below the actual body). The highest wick on the natural body represents the most increased cost during that period. If there hadn't been an upper wick, the most expensive part of the actual body would have been the top. Where the wick joins the main body represents the period's lowest price. Without a shorter wick, the original body's existing base for that period would have been the lowest possible price. The price range for that period is simply the difference between the highest and lowest prices seen in that time window.

Candlestick Patterns

For centuries, candlesticks have been the go-to tool of day traders thanks to their visually appealing nature, which makes it simple to recognize patterns that portend the continuation or reversal of a trend and present lucrative trading opportunities. Candlestick patterns, such as the Three Line Strike and the Two Black (or Red) Gapping, complement trend research, which may involve technical indicators. A transaction based on a candlestick pattern can be further justified by checking the chart's technical indicators to determine whether they confirm your interpretation of the trend.

What Do Candlesticks Tell Us?

The information conveyed by candlesticks goes well beyond just price movements over time. Successful traders often look for past market activity trends to help them predict their future course. Some examples of what they might look for are listed below.

  • A long wick at the candle's base may indicate that traders are buying into the security despite a price fall, which suggests the asset's potential for growth.
  • However, a long wick at the peak of a candle could mean that investors are rushing to cash out their gains, which could cause a dramatic price drop.
  • Bullish solid or bearish signals may be indicated if the candle's body occupies most of the candle and the wicks on both sides are pretty short.
  • Traders who employ the practice of technical analysis look for repeating patterns and emerging possibilities in past price data. Understanding the meaning of candlesticks about a particular asset or market environment is a vital part of technical analysis.
  • By analyzing pricing data from the past, traders can look for trends and opportunities in the market. Learning to read candlesticks in the context of a particular asset or within specific market conditions is a vital part of technical analysis.


Although a close examination of specific candles may yield some insight, a comprehensive market picture is always required. The ability to read candlestick charts and discern trends and patterns is not universally held. If you need assistance developing a strategy for your investments, you should talk to a professional. For decades, the Japanese rice market has known that the dealer attitude dramatically affects the price of commodities. Candlesticks allow investors to gauge sentiment about a company or asset, which can help them make more informed trading decisions.


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