Which Country Is the Largest Exporter of Goods in the World in 2022?

Susan Kelly

Jun 02, 2022

Exports are services or goods made in one country and sold to a different country. The distinction between imports and exports can be confusing because every product can be imported and exported. The proper definition at any time depends on whether the customer is in the country of origin or the recipient country. The nation producing and selling the product is known as the exporter. The items it ships overseas are referred to as exports. The question is, Which Country Is the Largest Exporter of Goods in the World?

China has been the world's largest exporter of goods worldwide since 2009. The official estimates indicate that China's total exports will reach $2.641 trillion by 2019. The year 2013 saw China as the most powerful trading country globally. It was the United States that previously held that place. Its title as the biggest exporter of goods worldwide has changed some times in the past and is likely to change once more.

At the turn of the 19th-century, Britain was referred to as being "the "workshop in the entire world" and ruled an international empire built on trade. The 21st century was when China was able to transform into "the world's biggest factory." But its Silk Route and the size of China's economic system suggest that China was often the largest exporter of goods during earlier times.

China Is the World's Largest Exporter

While China's substantial economic growth has been an important news story in the past couple of decades, China's economic growth isn't the only one worthy of attention. In the present, more and greater of what were once classified as developing economies are witnessing rapid development within their own borders and in the international arena as well. Large economies may not be the fastest-growing and the most advanced since income inequalities, corruption, political instability, and the low per capita gross product level can still hinder the most powerful of markets.

The Chinese government, which has control over an exporting powerhouse with an enormous economy, has been experiencing a variety of issues as of late, despite continued Chinese prosperity. China's economic growth has increased continuously; however, China is currently transitioning to an economic model that is more dependent on consumption, which could soon alter the general undercurrents of the Chinese economy.

Although its economy continues to improve, China's per-capita income is still lower than the global average, which could be partly explained by income inequality in the country. If China's economy can grow and become more prosperous will depend on the Chinese government's capacity to let as well as facilitate the people's capacity to grow economically.

The Booming Exports of China

The growth of China into a world-class trading power was rapid. For several centuries, the Chinese government pushed for isolationist policies. This was the case under the Chair Mao Zedong, but after Mao's death in 1976, there was a shift in concentration on foreign investment and trade. The growth of China's economy has been generally steady since then.

Deng Xiaoping was the first Chinese leader to initiate China's economic openness to the rest of the world around the latter part of the 1970s. The role of state-owned companies (SOEs) diminished in the course of China moving down the "capitalist route." From 1983 until 2013, China experienced an average annual growth of around 10 percent annually. China was pursuing an export-led growth strategy throughout the time.

SEZs - Special Economic Zones (SEZs) within China played a significant part in China's economic expansion and growth of exports. In SEZs, like Shenzhen, China offers tax incentives for foreign investors. The incentives offered included the possibility to import technology and equipment tax-free.

Xi Jinping attempted to keep China's growth rate high by increasing debt. However, he ran into some difficulties. The first was the rise of protectionist policies between China and the U.S., and China's persistently large trade surplus with the U.S. brought about a trade war. China went through a devastating economic recession in China beginning in 2020.


There were some concerns over how accurate Chinese data collection is with exports. Certain observers believe that China had overstated its total exports in order to circumvent controls on international transactions as a way to increase the flow of money in the country.

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